The destruction of homesteads, crops, transmission of zoonotic diseases, domestic animal killings etc. have been reported by communities neighbouring Protected Areas. Murchison Falls National Park has not been spared either causing conflicts between local communities and the Park Authorities. In MFNP, the situation has been widened by the claim that the oil and gas activities are increasing animal movement outside Protected Areas. This conflict is therefore involving the communities, the Oil operators and UWA.
This is also likely to be compounded by the anticipated high demographic growth and in-migration, with more people settling within the proximity of the Park. Before this happens, it is important to understand the current status and propose and implement the interventions recommended from the various assessments currently being undertaken in the same area.
The interventions will be done in a period of three years. These period is deemed long enough to mitigate, empower and impart knowledge to the community to continue sustaining the mitigation measures to ensure that biodiversity is not lost as a result of development activities.
The main objective is to reduce the impact of HWC on wildlife and people in relation to conservation and development.
Human wildlife Conflict mitigation measures currently undertaken includes: Elephant trench construction; Fencing (Natural plant fence, Wire fence, Crocodile fence); Satellite Tracking/monitoring; Scouts and eco guards strengthening; supporting of Income Generation Activities (IGAs) such as Apiary and Red chili growing; and awareness creation and network and partnership creation with other stakeholders.